Direct and indirect greenhouse (GHG) emissions
Since 2011, Ansaldo STS has implemented and renewed its commitment to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions produced directly and indirectly in the performance of its activities by applying the carbon management system (CMS), a system that enables it to monitor the carbon emission improvement process. This entails a planning, implementation and measurement process for emission reduction goals. An efficient carbon management policy will enable the company to reduce emissions, decrease consumption and reduce energy costs, thereby improving its budget, with the possibility of investing the savings in other areas.
The CMS has been developed in line with the relevant international standards. This system enables the company to perform:
- analyses of actual emissions produced;
- monitoring and reporting on emissions by type (Scope I, Scope II and Scope III);
- comparisons between historical data and forward-looking analyses;
- an assessment of the impact of products, in terms of emissions over their entire life cycle;
- economic/environmental analyses in relation to current regulations on emission reduction to determine assets’ potential value at risk;
- the measurement of the effectiveness of emission reduction projects;
- communications on Ansaldo STS’ emission reduction performance with the concerned parties, media, investors, rating agencies and other organisations.
Direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions (GHG)
Ansaldo STS has decided to report direct and indirect emissions in accordance with the GHG protocol. The protocol provides for the breakdown of emissions into three separate scopes:
Scope 1 – Emissions from the direct combustion of fossil fuels acquired for heating, the production of electrical and thermal energy and to fuel transportation vehicles. The sources of Scope 1 emissions are generally owned and controlled directly by the organisation.
Scope 2 – Emissions from the production of electrical energy imported and consumed by the organisation for electrical devices, heating and lighting inside buildings. The importers are directly responsible for the emissions generated by the supplier to produce the electrical energy required.
Scope 3 – Emissions other than indirect GHG emissions arising from energy consumption, which are due to the activities of an organisation but derive from GHG sources that are owned or controlled by other organisations. They include emissions from business travel, goods used, employee transit, etc. The limits of this Scope are agreed by the organisation, and Scope 3 generally only requires the inclusion of emissions that the organisation can quantify and influence.
Activities carried out to reduce the direct and indirect production of GHG
Within its team, Ansaldo STS has appointed a Carbon Manager, an Energy Manager and a Water Manager responsible for providing information and carrying out activities and projects with respect to energy savings at all the company’s operating sites.
Ansaldo STS’ initiatives to improve employee travel include optimising travel paths, using carpooling and car sharing and promoting the use of public transportation and more sustainable means through its travel policy.
One of the effects of the travel policy can be measured by the considerable reduction in air travel, for both short, but especially long hauls, in 2013.
|SHORT HAUL FLIGHTS (km)||20,426,543||22,018,810||40,198,773|
|LONG HAUL FLIGHTS (km)||26,776,605||44,099,355||25,378,957|
Over the years, Ansaldo has implemented energy efficiency projects that have contributed to reducing energy consumption by nearly 20% in the period considered. Below are examples of steps taken by Ansaldo to reduce energy consumption:
- installation of energy-efficient lightning systems and the related electrical systems;
- increase in the energy efficiency of air conditioning and air treatment systems;
- elimination of or reduction in the use of transformers and air compressors;
- revision of the automated building management system to delay when the lighting system and air conditioning turns on in the morning and anticipate it in the evening;
- improvement in the data center’s energy efficiency;
- affixing of signs to remind personnel to turn off lights, laptop computers and devices that consume energy;
- reduction in the number of vehicles used by the company;
- reduction in the total volume of waste sent to landfills by encouraging the use of low impact substances promoting the reduction, recovery and recycling of waste.
SCOPE I (tons of CO2/e)